Skip to Content

The following is a guide to the resources most frequently consulted by researchers of Brooklyn property and buildings. You can scroll through the entire page, or click on the links below to take you to the description of a particular resource.

Otto Dreschmeyer Brooklyn slides (v1988.12.105)

The following is a guide to the resources most frequently consulted by researchers of Brooklyn property and buildings. You can scroll through the entire page, or click on the links below to take you to the description of a particular resource.

Landmark Reports

If your building is within a landmarked neighborhood, it will be helpful to consult the designation report published by the NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission. Our library contains print copies of most reports, which you can search in our online catalog.  All reports are freely available on the LPC website and the Neighborhood Preservation Center database.

Historic Atlases (1855–1929)

Our Historic Atlas collection serves a multitude of purposes and is particularly helpful when trying to determine the age of a building.  The atlases are also helpful in determining addresses, many of which changed circa 1871–72. A bulk of the atlases at BHS are bound fire insurance maps, which show Brooklyn block by block. As the atlases advance chronologically, they also advance in technical sophistication. Depending on the level of detail, atlases can include information such as the material content of buildings, houses and block numbers, content and condition of pavement, street status and usability, locations of sewers and water mains, locations of subway and rail lines, plate boundaries, section and ward division lines, original farm lines, and locations of churches, schools, and factories. An index of the atlas collection, including years, surveyors and neighborhoods, is available here.

Brooklyn Land Conveyance Collection (1699–1896)

Another useful resource available at BHS is our Land Conveyances Collection. This collection documents Brooklyn land ownership from the late seventeenth century to 1896. Organized by block number, these abstracts show seller (grantor) and buyer (grantee) information. It is sometimes possible to discover the original owner of a particular plot, which may lead to builder information and the date a particular building was built. These conveyances are also useful when focusing on the social history of a particular property. More information about the collection is available here.

Brooklyn Directories (1796, 1822–1913, 1933)

BHS library collections include several types of city directories, spanning from 1822 to 1913, with one 1796 directory and one bound directory from 1933. A bulk of the directories are devoted to the city and borough of Brooklynn; there are a handful for Manhattan, Queens, Long Island, and Newark, New Jersey.

City Directories — Residential. Organized alphabetically by last name, similar to a phone book, these directories list the name and address of an individual, often a resident’s occupation and work address, and sometimes race.

Business Directories. Most are organized alphabetically by trade, then alphabetically by last name, and list business address. Finding the relevant trade listing can sometimes be tricky. For example, when searching the address of an ancestor’s drinking establishment, no trade listing might be found under “Bars,” “Public Houses,” “Taverns,” “Liquors,” “Saloons,” or any other alternative term for a business premises where alcohol is served. But the address may be found under the antiquated “Wine and Liquors.”

By Address—Elite Directories (1873–1913).  These directories, issued by the Elite Publishing Company, are organized by address instead of by last name. By providing information on former residents, these are often helpful when tracking the social history of a particular building, and are often comprehensively cross-referenced with the “by name” directories.

Blue Books (1904–1962).  As the name suggests, these directories are a collection of society listings. They have a “by address” search in the back of the book, which is helpful when trying to discover who might have lived at a particular address.

Brooklyn and Long Island Scrapbook Collection (circa 1860–1970)

The scrapbooks are a collection of newspaper clippings arranged by BHS librarians between the 1860s to the early 1970s. The complete scrapbooks have been transferred to microfiche and are searchable by a subject card catalog index in the library. For building research, the scrapbooks card catalog includes numerous subject headings for individuals and Brooklyn addresses.

Architecture Books

The Ohtmer library has a number of useful reference books about architecture in general and about Brooklyn architecture in particular. You can browse the titles by searching our online library catalog. For example, if you are researching a building within “Brownstone Brooklyn” (e.g. Fort Greene, Brooklyn Heights, Cobble Hill, Clinton Hill, etc.), Francis Morrone’s An Architectural Guidebook to Brooklyn is a fruitful starting point.

Real Estate Brochure Collection (circa 1920s—1950s)

This collection primarily features advertisements for new apartment buildings, including some blueprints, and is organized by neighborhood. A hard-copy index with exact street addresses of the buildings included in the collection is available. A finding aid to the collection is available here.

Additional House and Building Resources

While BHS holds numerous materials for productive building research, the following is a select list of resources outside of BHS that are highly recommended:

Eugene L. Armbruster photographs and scrapbooks (v1974.022.8.30)

While BHS holds numerous materials for productive building research, the following is a select list of resources outside of BHS that are highly recommended:

NYC Department of Buildings (DOB)

You can begin your research with the Brooklyn office of the DOB online by searching its Buildings Information System. Just type in your subject address to pull up the DOB report, which provides block and lot numbers, certificates of occupancy, work orders, building violations, landmark status, etc. However, be aware that many of the scanned certificates have been incorrectly matched with the addresses; make sure to read the certificate closely to see if it is indeed related to your block and lot.

The Brooklyn office of the DOB is on the eighth floor of 210 Joralemon Street. There you can request the files for a particular block and lot.  Many of the files for older buildings are kept off-site, which will require a return visit. These files will provide additional information often not available online and can offer clues to previous uses of a particular building, such as whether it was once a multi-family dwelling. Unfortunately, these files often do not include architectural plans.

NYC Department of Finance (DOF)

Like the DOB, the DOF has a useful online database, ACRIS. It is searchable by block and lot number and includes land deeds going back to 1966.

For land deed information from approximately 1900 to 1966, you will need to visit the Brooklyn office of the DOF at 210 Joralemon Street. The DOF occupies two different floors in the building; start your research in the City Register’s office on the first floor (to your left when you enter at the main entrance). It contains block and lot indexes, which show buyer/seller information from approximately 1900 to 1959. These indexes reference a liber and page number, which indicate the location of a particular land deed. To view the land deed, take the liber/page numbers to Room 203 on the second floor. Here you can request the microfilm of the deed. Copies of the microfilm are available at $1 per page.

Kings County Surrogate's Court

When looking into the social history of a building, you may want to see if any previous owners or residents had a will probated in Kings County.  If they did, you can find it in Room 109 on the bottom floor of the Surrogate’s Court. Wills may provide such details as contents and furnishings in the subject home, or whether a particular property was a rental.

In addition, Brooklyn probate records for the years 1866–1923 have been digitized and made available online at the Kings County Estate Files website.

NYC Municipal Archives

If you are interested in obtaining or viewing a photograph of a particular block and lot, the NYC Municipal Archives has the Tax Photograph Collection. In the 1930s and 1940s, a photograph was taken of every block and lot in the five boroughs.  Visit the archives in person at 31 Chambers Street in Manhattan to view the image on microfilm, or order a print directly from their website.

Brooklyn Collection of the Brooklyn Public Library

The Brooklyn Public Library has scanned and made available the full run of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle (1841–1955), Brooklyn’s largest newspaper and one of the most useful resources available for any type of nineteenth and twentieth century Brooklyn research. Searching the Eagle often yields a wealth of information about past residents of a particular address, construction and architectural details, notable events and occurrences at the building, or advertisements seeking maids or boarders.

BPL has also digitized its collection of Brooklyn City Directories for the years 1856–1967.  The PDF files are large and may take time to download, but are keyword searchable.

In addition, the Brooklyn Collection of the Brooklyn Public Library has a number of materials useful for building research. Browse the library website or contact the library directly.

NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission (LPC)

If the property you are researching is within a landmarked neighborhood, contact the LPC to find out whether it has any files on that particular neighborhood.

If you live in a landmarked neighborhood within the five boroughs and you have a question about what you can and cannot do with your property, contact an information officer at the LPC directly.

Neighborhood Preservation Center

The Neighborhood Preservation Center offers an excellent searchable online database of fully scanned LPC reports.  It also has a small library open to the public.  For more information, visit their website or contact them directly.

Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library of Columbia University

For more about building research, the staff at the Avery has compiled an excellent research guide for researching NYC buildings. A major online resource is the Real Estate Record & Builder’s Guide, described as “a weekly report of building activity in New York City and its environs,” dating between 1868–1922. Also useful is the New York Real Estate Brochure Collection, a digitized collection of advertising brochures, floor plans, price lists and related materials that document residential and commercial real estate development in the five boroughs and outlying vicinities from the 1920s to the 1970s.

Additional Resources

Another newspaper resource is Fulton History, a vast, unwieldy, but often ripe NYC and New York State online collection of digitized newspapers on microform.

Lastly, two online map resources worth searching are the New York Public Library Real Estate Atlases; and OasisNYC, which creates detailed hypertextual community maps using updated data sources.